Wednesday, August 14, 2013

The Therapeutic Value of Play Dough




Working with children, I am seeing how many parents hate Play Dough!  Oftentimes I suggest using Play Dough as a coping skill and my little client will tell me, “My mom doesn’t let me play with Play Dough!”  The caregivers’ reasons range from hating the mess to hating the smell.  What the parent doesn’t usually understand is the therapeutic value that Play Dough can have.  A parent cannot always be convinced that Play Dough’s therapeutic value is enough for him/her to start allowing it in their home, but I still continue to use it in the therapy office.  


Play therapy is used with children as a means to communicate, increase understanding, resolve issues, and so forth.  Playdough can be a great tool for releasing aggression, telling a story,     redirecting and distracting, building self-esteem, and so forth.  I found great articles outlining the therapeutic uses of playdough here and here.



Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Mandalas

The word "mandala" is Sanskrit for "whole world" or "healing circle".  They were originally used in Eastern religions as symbols in protection and healing rituals, as well as for aids in meditation.  In the current Western world, mandalas are popular among psychologists, as coloring or painting them can be comforting and rhythmic and aid with relaxation and stress relief. 

You can google "mandala coloring pages" and find many different designs to print out and give to your client to color or paint.  This can be used as a mindfulness, stress-relief, or other therapeutic activity.

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Stop, Calm Down, Go!

This Anger Control Stoplight serves as a visual aid to remind children to think before acting when they are angry.  I print it out on cardstock and then cut it out and allow my clients to color it, using the appropriate colors (red, yellow, and green), as we discuss what each color means.  I also write down clues for what each light means and have the client glue the clue next to the correct light.  We then put it somewhere where the client will see it often, especially when angry.  I have had clients paste theirs onto their coping skills boxes or journals.  Hanging on the fridge or on a bedroom wall are also recommended.  



As an activity, you could also play "Red Light, Green Light" (the old game we all know and love from our childhood!), which helps children practice listening/following directions and impulse control.

Friday, November 2, 2012

Feelings Charades

My coworker and I created this game together.  It's a group activity that requires at least 4 participants.  This activity is helpful in helping children learn to identify and express different emotions.  






How to make:   
Print out a picture of a football field on green paper, cut it out, and paste it onto cardstock.  You may choose to laminate it.  Print out several little footballs, cut them into squares - - or you can use stickers and stick them onto little squares of paper- and write a different emotion on the back of each one (happy, sad, frustrated, bored, tired, excited, scared, etc.).  The difficulty of the emotions you use will depend upon the age of your client, of course. 

How to play:
  • Divide into two even teams and assign one end zone on the football field to each team.
  • Spread the footballs out all over the field.
  • One member of the team chooses a football, flips it over, and acts out the emotion on the back.  The members of his/her team have to guess the emotion within 30 seconds.  If they guess correctly, they get a "touchdown" and place the football in their goal.  If they guess incorrectly, they place the football back down on the field.
  • The next team chooses a football and does the same thing.  This continues back and forth until every football has been chosen.
  • The team with the most footballs in their goal at the end wins.

Ideas for modifications:
  • The football field can be substituted with a soccer field or basketball court, depending upon the interest of your clients.
 


























For Girls:  A "My Little Pony" theme.  You can print and cut out a rainbow and two clouds and paste the rainbow on cardstock with one cloud on each end of the rainbow.  Print pictures of ponies and cut into squares (or use pony stickers on small squares of cardstock)and spread out over the rainbow.  Each team is assigned a cloud, and when an emotion is correctly guessed, the pony with that emotion goes onto the team's cloud.

Thursday, November 1, 2012

Simple Everyday Activities

There are many simple everyday activities that can be used as interventions that we may not even think about!  Almost any activity can be tied to some kind of therapeutic goal or skill, depending on how you structure the activity.  Here are a few that I have used with my clients at work, along with the skills and/or goals that can be tied into them:
  • Painting: anger/stress management, emotional regulation, mindfulness. 
  • Planting a garden: anger/stress management, mindfulness, social skills/teamwork.
  • Baking: anger/stress management, mindfulness, social skills/team work.
  • Making cards/thank-you notes: emotional regulation/expression, nurturing relationships.
  • Playing board games/card games: teamwork, social skills, good sportsmanship, mindfulness. 
    Artwork by Dominic Avila

Self-Esteem Collages

I use this activity with pre-teen and teenaged clients often as a self-esteem building activity and also to help me understand how the client sees him/herself .  Common themes that I use are "All About Me" (in which the child cuts out words and pictures that describe him/her characteristics, interests, personality, etc) and "Design Your Life" (in which the child cuts out pictures and words that describe how he/she sees his/her future.  Topics they might cover are dream job, home, car, family, pets, and so forth). 


Provide the child with a magazines, markers, glue, scissors, etc. and allow the child to design their collage.  As you can imagine, they can get very creative with this.



Thursday, October 4, 2012

Awesome Ideas for Teaching Anger Management Techniques to Children

xsweetprincess.deviantart.com
My coworker introduced me to a site with some great activities for teaching anger management techniques for children.  A couple of the ideas are below:

Bubble Blowing for Breathing  
Many adults have realized the benefits of deep breathing to calm angry or anxious feelings. Kids can be taught this technique by learning to blow bubbles slowly, according to HelpStartsHere.com. Young children can be taught that quick breathing does not result in the big bubbles that slow, deep breaths provide, according to the website. Other techinques to show children how to slow breathing is teaching how to count backwards from 10.

Angry Balls 
Creating "angry balls" is another recommended activity that parents and young children can do together. An angry ball is made by filling a balloon with dry rice or sand and securing the tie. When anger strikes, young kids can soothe their powerful feelings by mashing the ball, throwing it on the floor or squeezing it.